Home / National News / Harriet Tubman to Replace Andrew Jackson on Face of $20 Bill

 

(WASHINGTON) — Harriet Tubman will become the new face of the $20 bill, replacing former President Andrew Jackson, U.S. Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew is set to announce Wednesday.

Alexander Hamilton will remain on the $10 bill, according to a Treasury Department spokesman.

The Obama administration had earlier announced plans to put a woman on the $10 bill but the renewed interest in Hamilton, the nation’s first treasury secretary, pushed the government to abandon that idea and instead target the $20 bill for a redesign.

Hamilton, who has been featured on the $10 bill since 1929, has recently risen in popularity due to the hit Broadway musical that bears his name.

Tubman, an African American, was a Civil War-era abolitionist. She will be the first African-American female to be featured on U.S. currency.

Who Is Harriet Tubman?

Tubman is most well-known for her role in the Underground Railroad, a network of secret routes and safe houses used by people of African descent to escape from from slavery to the “free states” in the 19th century.

A runaway former slave from Maryland herself, she led hundreds of slaves to freedom over the course of 10 years, often risking her own life. A icon in American civil rights history, she is widely-regarded as one of the leading abolitionists, demanding the end of slavery.

She was born into slavery in 1822 on a plantation in Dorchester County, Maryland, according to the White House. Her birth name was Araminta Ross. When she married a free black man in 1844, John Tubman, she changed her name to “Harriet.” She escaped slavery in 1849.

Following her role as a “conductor” of the Underground Railroad, Tubman went on to become a spy in South Carolina for Union forces during the Civil War. She was also a nurse.

Harriet Tubman, an American Icon

Despite having a bounty on her head, Tubman returned to the South at least 13 times to lead her family and hundreds of other slaves to freedom. Tubman moved unnoticed through rebel territory, blending in and using her in-depth knowledge of slave routes to pass through those states undetected.

President Obama has called her an “American hero.” In commemoration of the 100th anniversary of her death in 2013, he signed a proclamation calling for the creation of a national monument depicting Tubman on the eastern shore of Maryland.

“Harriet Tubman fought tirelessly for the Union cause, for the rights of enslaved people, for the rights of women, and for the rights of all,” Obama wrote at the time. “She was a leader in the struggle for civil rights who was forever motivated by her love of family and community and by her deep and abiding faith.”

And in 2014, Obama established the creation of the first ever national park to honor an African-American woman by signing the 2015 National Defense Authorization Act into law, a $577 billion measure that included language to create the Harriet Tubman National Historical Park in Maryland and a National Historic Park at her home in Auburn, New York.

When Will We See Tubman on the $20 Bill?

The Treasury has not confirmed when it will be releasing the new bills with Tubman pictured, but it will likely take place in the next several years once they have finished designing the bill, including enhanced security features.

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